Entrepreneurship: Jim Crow Laws


Published: July 6, 2021

Courtesy of Georgia During the content.schoolinsites.com

Slavery, prejudice, separation of a people can be traced back to the beginning of civilization. The Bible speaks clearly on how the Egyptians enslaved the Hebrew-Jewish people to build and erect cities for profit but never paying them for their labor. African Americans have been part of American since 1619, when 20 black captives were brought to the Americas in chains. Nevertheless, it was not until January 1, 1863, with the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation, that the blacks were set free by President Abraham Lincoln.

Jim Crow Laws

Jim Crow laws were what could be called state and local statutes that promoted segregation in the south. These laws occurred from the post-Civil War era until 1968, where it was brought to an end the denying African Americans the right to vote, obtain jobs, and get an education and other opportunities too. The Jim Crow laws began in 1865 after the 13th amendment, abolishing slavery in the United States.

Then there were the Black codes that were imposed on blacks that restricted them from where they could work, how much they could be paid, and where they could live. The former slaves were now in a different type of suppression and enslavement to a law reducing them to indentured servitude for whites. Blacks had the legal system stacked against them, with former Confederate soldiers working as the police, judges which made it challenging for them to win court cases in this system.

These codes worked in combining labor camps for blacks incarcerated and treated as enslaved people who received longer sentences than whites, and due to the exhausting work, for the most part, did not live out the whole punishment for the crime committed.

Ku Klux Klan

Slavery, prejudice, separation of a people can be traced back to the beginning of civilization. The Bible speaks clearly on how the Egyptians enslaved the Hebrew-Jewish people to build and erect cities for profit but never paying them for their labor. African Americans have been part of American since 1619, when 20 black captives were brought to the Americas in chains. Nevertheless, it was not until January 1, 1863, with the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation, that the blacks were set free by President Abraham Lincoln.

Jim Crow Laws

Jim Crow laws were what could be called state and local statutes that promoted segregation in the south. These laws occurred from the post-Civil War era until 1968, where it was brought to an end the denying African Americans the right to vote, obtain jobs, and get an education and other opportunities too. The Jim Crow laws began in 1865 after the 13th amendment, abolishing slavery in the United States.

Then there were the Black codes that were imposed on blacks that restricted them from where they could work, how much they could be paid, and where they could live. The former slaves were now in a different type of suppression and enslavement to a law reducing them to indentured servitude for whites. Blacks had the legal system stacked against them, with former Confederate soldiers working as the police, judges which made it challenging for them to win court cases in this system.

These codes worked in combining labor camps for blacks incarcerated and treated as enslaved people who received longer sentences than whites, and due to the exhausting work, for the most part, did not live out the whole punishment for the crime committed.

Ku Klux Klan

Slavery, prejudice, separation of a people can be traced back to the beginning of civilization. The Bible speaks clearly on how the Egyptians enslaved the Hebrew-Jewish people to build and erect cities for profit but never paying them for their labor. African Americans have been part of American since 1619, when 20 black captives were brought to the Americas in chains. Nevertheless, it was not until January 1, 1863, with the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation, that the blacks were set free by President Abraham Lincoln.

Jim Crow Laws

Jim Crow laws were what could be called state and local statutes that promoted segregation in the south. These laws occurred from the post-Civil War era until 1968, where it was brought to an end the denying African Americans the right to vote, obtain jobs, and get an education and other opportunities too. The Jim Crow laws began in 1865 after the 13th amendment, abolishing slavery in the United States.

Then there were the Black codes that were imposed on blacks that restricted them from where they could work, how much they could be paid, and where they could live. The former slaves were now in a different type of suppression and enslavement to a law reducing them to indentured servitude for whites. Blacks had the legal system stacked against them, with former Confederate soldiers working as the police, judges which made it challenging for them to win court cases in this system.

These codes worked in combining labor camps for blacks incarcerated and treated as enslaved people who received longer sentences than whites, and due to the exhausting work, for the most part, did not live out the whole punishment for the crime committed.

Ku Klux Klan

Ku Klux Klan | Definition & History …britannica.com

The  Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was born out of the Jim Crow era, a violent organization born in 1865 in Pulaski, Tennessee. This organization in Tennessee was known as a private social club for Confederate veterans who were white. This organization grew into a secret society that was a terrorist organization whose aim was to terrorize black communities.  With its Southern roots and culture, the organization had a membership of the highest order in the government and the lowest level of white criminal behavior. After the Civil War, this group gets its origin where the KKK merged to suppress and victimize newly freed African American slaves.

The concept of suppression of African Americans’ rights through intimidation was its goal to inflict fear of death through hanging and other violent acts and force black off their lands with no remunerations. The KKK membership was broad and extended to the police departments, the highest order of government, and politics. The white supremacy attitude where whites were superior to others who were not of a white origin was promoted and found in America to this day.

White Supremacy

The philosophy of white supremacy has been around since the founding of this great nation. The concept of a people enslaving another is not new; that can be traced to biblical times, with the enslavement of the Hebrews/Jews. The white experience goes to those who claim their superiority and have nothing to do with their own birth only through our creator’s divine wisdom and power. And the creator, in his divine wisdom, made different races to diversity and ethnic enrichment in the cultural experience of all people.

The white supremacy ideology is woven into our American culture and transcends to education, housing, employment, careers, entrepreneurship, and all fascist of our living structures. Donald J. Trump learned how to touch and magnify white America’s fears of losing their majority in America due to landscape change here in American, where whites are projected to be in the minority in 2045. So, by fanning job loss fears, white neighborhoods will be disvalued due to non-whites moving in, especially African Americans.

As I mentioned in a previous blog, Trump is selling the boogie man philosophy/theory, they are coming for your daughters, and they are rapists, and murders and we must put a wall to keep them out! And the politics of continuous separate treatment of how whites are treated over non-whites, predominantly African American, continues long after the Civil Rights Act was passed in 1964. The inequality of how non-whites are treated reaches in all phases of life here in America, even in entrepreneurship-which is the American Dream, but not so for people of color.

One has the opportunity to lift themselves out of a dismal place and have the chance to empower and enrich themselves. To buy homes and other assets that are accustomed to white America and become a pillar in the communities in which they live.

Black Entrepreneurship in America

According to the U.S. Census, African Americans/Blacks owned 124,000 businesses in 2017, 32 percent of the companies were in the healthcare or social service industries. During the Jim Crow era, white’s segregation from blacks caused black entrepreneurs to patronize their own and opened barber and beauty salons and other businesses needed in the African American community. The black church and other self-help organizations promoted self-awareness and entrepreneurship. Enterprises were born out of whites not wanting to deal with African Americans on intimate one-on-one experience. This brought about the building of black entrepreneurial communities, which had their own funeral homes, motels, liquor stores, grocery stores, and other enterprises spawned due to the segregation of blacks.

Blacks who traveled had another problem, where to go while away from their communities? This spawn the Green Book, a publication that gave information where black could travel safely with their families or alone without the fear of being terrorized by whites or the KKK.

Arthur George (A.G.) Gaston established several businesses in Birmingham, Alabama. One of his businesses was a motel fashioned after the Holiday Inn, where each patron had their own air conditioning and telephone in their room. A.G. owned a construction company, insurance, bank, funeral home, and radio station. In 1963 A.G. hotel became the epic center of the Birmingham Civil Rights protests and demonstrations.

Music

Barry Gordy-founder and entrepreneur of Motown records in 1959, was from a family of entrepreneurs. In 1922 Gordy Sr. moved his family from Georgia to Detroit, MI., where he established the Booker T. Washington Grocery Store in the black-working class area in Detroit, and he flourished. Barry Sr. taught his children to be self-sufficient and to be entrepreneurs. Gordy Jr. formed music acrossed color lines, merging blacks and whites through music, which turned out to be a genius move, bringing the races together through music, and crossed over.

Gordy produced groups such as The Temptations, Smokey Robinson and the Miracles, Marvin Gaye, Stevie Wonder, Diana Ross, the Supremes, and many others to become a giant in the music industry.

Conclusion

From Jim Crow, KKK, to White Supremacist, to the Barry Gordy story. The separation of whites-blacks to breaking of the color lines through music. If people would look at the commonalities that bring us all together over that of skin tone, the world could be a better place for it. Now let us address an issue that this author finds defensive is the jobs issue. The threat of one losing their jobs to a minority is based on a myth or fear.

 Now here is a novel thought, could it be that those who promote this argument are not reshaping themselves for the 21st century and using the jobs issue as a scapegoat of not shaping or re-engineering themselves for new opportunities that were not present in the past? So they blame others for their inability to evolve, be this through not continually educating themselves to stay relevant in their current jobs or career choices, the results are still the same, the lack of continuously earning a good living through a job or career changes.

I get it; I had to do the same in 2007-2008 in the mortgage industry when it fell apart. I went back to school at the age of sixty; after eight years and $170,000, later, I obtain my Doctorate Degree in Business Administration, focusing on Entrepreneurship and Business Management. For those who say they are too old or they don’t have the money to go back to school, these two challenges are overcome able only if you have the desire to succeed and that choice or decision is personal.

If your choice is not to solve your personal problem of not staying relevant, own up to the fact that it is self, and stop blaming others for your own decisions made or not in life. In the end, no matter who you are and the pigmentation of one’s skin? You will have to compete for any job or career choice in the marketplace. Now ether you have the skillsets to compete with another who is as qualified as you or not, it is your choice; quit blaming others for your own shortcomings.

I want to learn from you what you think of white supremacy and entrepreneurship. Make your responses on the comment section of our blog, and above all, be safe and watch the crazies, for they are everywhere.

About the author:

Dr. Mitchell works as a Small Business Consultant. He has offices in Southfield, MI,
Chicago, IL. His primary focus is on alternative Financing to small business organizations.

 If you are a business owner and need quick access to unsecured operating capital, Click Here to apply. Must be open and operating for at least 12 months with monthly sales of $10,000 or more.

Toll-Free (866) 400-3040 Email: donaldemitchell1@msn.com

Website: www.donaldemitchell.com

Addresses: 25 E Superior St Suite 2801

Chicago, Il 60611

2000 Town Center 19th Fl. Southfield, MI 48076

The best way to contact Dr. Mitchell is through email.

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